Social Security Records

Social Security Records

The National Archives has a wealth of information you can use in researching your family.  One thing you can find there is Social Security Records.  There you will see social security applications and social security death files.  These documents are for the years 1936-2007 and for people who have a verified death date or who would be 110 years old by December 31, 2007.

Click on the search button for the group that contains your last name. You do not have to fill out all the spaces on this form.  In fact, it may be good to leave a few blank, i.e., my mother always told me she was born in Stuttgart, but her social security application says she was born in Almyra.  If your search turns up a record, you can see their social security number, citizenship, full name, date of birth, race, ethnicity, sex, mother’s full name, father’s full name, city of birth, for women you can see if they received a duplicate card due to a marriage and the previous marriage name.

Scroll down to the death files and look for your ancestor there.  You can find their social security number, full name, date of birth, date of death, sex, and zip code of residence.

Another good resource for searching the Social Security Death Index is the website of Stephen P. Morse.  These are records between 1936 and February 28, 2014.  His article “Decoding Social Security Numbers” can be a good resource for clues about your ancestors.

You can also find the Social Security Death Index at FamilySearch.  You will need to set up a free account if you don’t already have one.

In addition, you can search at any of the paid subscription websites, i.e., Ancestry or MyHeritage.

Good luck in your research.


Searching Land Records

Searching Land Records

There are several good websites for finding early land records.  The Bureau of Land Management website is a great resource for Land Patents, Surveys Plats and Field Notes, Land Status Records (LSR), Control Document Index (CDI), Tract Books, and Land Catalog.  

For today, we will be talking about Land Patents.  Click on “Search Documents” and this is where you will enter the state you are interested in searching.  You do not have to fill in all the information. You can also select the county, township, range, median, and section number.  You can fill in the Last Name, First Name, and Middle Name.

For example, I am looking for land owned by my ancestor, Nathan Fortner.  I have found him in the 1830 St. Clair, Alabama census.

I click on “Search Patents” and this is the result.

Now that I see Nathan Fortner, I can click on “image” on the left of his name.  

This patent was issued to Nathan Fortner of Marengo County, Alabama.  This patent can be downloaded or printed by hovering over the black area at the top.  You can also order a certified copy.

You can click on “Related Documents” to see other documents related to this one.  This list will be documents that match the land description in the patent.

Click on “Patent Details” and you will see “Map” in the lower left hand corner of the screen.

Click the box next to map and you can see where this land is on the map of Alabama.

You can zoom in or zoom out depending on what your needs are.

Sometimes you will find interesting details in the land patent.

This patent shows that Nancy Fortner is the widow of Nathan Fortner.  It also shows that Nathan served as a private in Captain Craig’s Company, 2nd Regiment, Tennessee Militia, War of 1812.  One word of caution, and this applies to whatever records you are looking at, make sure that this is your relative. For example, my ancestor, Nathan Fortner lived in South Carolina, Alabama, and Mississippi.  All the Tennessee Militia in the War of 1812 were from counties in Tennessee. Since my ancestor did not live in Tennessee, he cannot be the Nathan Fortner that received a land patent for his service in the War of 1812.

Not every state will be on this website, but they have a list of resources for other states.

Another really good site for land records is  There you can find The First Landowners Project and The Antique Map Collection.  For this site, you will need a subscription. Click here for for subscription options.  

I really like their map view because you can see your relative and all the neighbors.

Click on the map pin on the left side of the screen and you get a pop-up menu showing the parcel details.

The two options at the bottom of this pop-up menu take you to the Bureau of Land Management website.  You can also view this on Google Maps. The U. S. Boundary History is a good feature.

Here you can see that this area belonged to the Native Americans in 1790, 1800, and 1810.  Alabama became a state in 1819, so for 1820 until today it is part of Jefferson County, Alabama.

You can also save to “My people”.

You can use the search box at the top of the page to find every place in the United States where someone with your surname was a first landowner.

Each circle contains a number that lets you know how many people with your surname are there.

To get the most out of this website, I suggest that you watch the how-to-videos found in the Support section.  There are many more things you can do at the website, for example, read their blog, look at antique maps, or chart your ancestors migration.  




Cemeteries are a great place to find those missing birth dates and death dates and to verify that the dates you have are correct. Remember to take a photo of the headstone as your source.

A trip to the cemetery will probably give you the chance to get dates for more than one relative since family members are usually buried in the same cemetery.

Watson family buried in Marks Cemetery

In addition, it gives you a chance to confirm or find marriages and children.  Husbands and wives may have a double headstone with the marriage date on their headstone.  (In this case, the date on the headstone is wrong. It should be 21 July 1951. Scroll down to “gravesite details”.)

Photo of double headstone showing date of marriage

I have seen headstones that say Mother and Father.  Some of the headstones of the parents will have the names of their children.  

Headstone showing names of children

Obituaries are another good way of finding birth and death dates.  In addition, the obituary usually has the name of the spouse, children, siblings,  parents, occupation, military service. Some memorials on have obituaries.

Memorial at Find a Grave with an obituary

Some memorials will have a picture.

Memorial at with a picture

As you can see from this memorial, sometimes all the family members are linked together.

In addition to, Billion Graves is another good website for looking up cemetery information.

Cemetery search at Billion Graves

You can also search the Billion Graves index at Family  If you don’t already have a free account, sign up for one at

Billion Graves Index at Family Search has some transcribed cemeteries that are free to search. has a very nice cemetery database.  Check out this website because they have a lot of information to share.

If you have information to share, consider volunteering your time and information to one of these sites.

Contribute to Find a Grave

Become a BillionGraves Volunteer

Submit a Transcription to Internment.Net


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